brother . His first step (1956) was a purge of the bureaucracy with the objective of making it a more efficient body in the implementation of policies—for example, Nepal's first five-year plan. Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: महेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह; 11 June 1920 – 31 January 1972) was King of Nepal from 1955 to 1972. [20], On 28 May 2008, the monarchy was officially given no place in the amended constitution of 1990 and was replaced by a republic. He was officially coronated as the new king of Nepal on May 2, 1956. When Mahendra died in 1972, Gyanendra's older brother, Birendra, became king, and proved to be a popular, well-liked monarch in the years to come. After his father's (King Mahendra) death in 1972, King Birendra consulted his court astrologers, who advised him to delay his coronation for three years, with the most auspicious moment for his crowning being at 8:37 am precisely on 4 February 1975. Mahendra was the father of late King Birendra, murdered in 2001 with most of his family, and recently-deposed King Gyanendra. In all clouds, there is a silver lining. All powers of the 239-year-old monarchy were stripped, making Gyanendra a civilian king. Although Tribhuvan was nominally king since 1911. [34], Reports of citizens wanting to reinstate the ousted monarchy are commonplace in the Nepali media due to the widespread corruption in political establishments, unstable governments and the frivolous lifestyles of the unpopular president Bhandari and prime minister Oli's frequent visits regarding health condition to Singapore on taxpayers' money. Birendra’s grandfather, King Tribhuvan was crowned the king of Nepal with the helps of India after the century long Rana’s ruling came to an end in Nepal. Mahendra’s relationship with Tribhuvan was strained, particularly after he married his sister-in-law Ratna against his father’s wishes. The Nepali royalty has a lot of dirt inside.. On 13 March 1955 his grandfather King Tribhuvandied and his father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. Early life. King Mahendra, in contrast to his father, was not prepared to see such a tenuous political system prolonged and introduced a series of experiments shortly after ascending the gaddi (throne). BBC 16 February 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gyanendra_of_Nepal&oldid=1000858601, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (France), Grand Crosses of the Order of the House of Orange, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Members of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, Articles with dead external links from August 2011, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 02:15. In 1952, Mahendra married Indra's sister, Ratna Rajya Laxmi Devi. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. In fact, by dissolving Matrika Prasad Koirala’s cabinet while Tribhuvan was still alive in Switzerland, Mahendra had already shown an inclination for direct rule. Husband of Queen Indra of Nepal and Private Birendra succeeded to the Nepalese throne on 31 January 1972, at the age of 27, after the death of his father King Mahendra. When of King Mahendra’s demise on January 31, 1972, there were apparent strains and lacks in the protected and political framework he had developed in the 1960s. This was done by the Constituent Assembly, without a referendum. His father King Tribhuvan, a heart patient, had gone for treatment to Switzerland, where, after six months, he breathed his last on 13 March 1955. Mahendra was born on June 11, 1920 to King Tribhuvan of Nepal. Mahendra was born 11 June 1920 to King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. Motorcade moving through Paris at grey rainy day. [citation needed] Thus, King Gyanendra's confrontational approach with the established political parties met with widespread censure. When King Gyanendra took complete control for the second time, on 1 February 2005, he dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's government for failing to make arrangements for parliamentary elections and being unable to restore peace in the country, which was then in the midst of a civil war led by Maoist insurgents. His investment in Soaltee Hotel alone was estimated to be around $100 million in 2008 with a 40% stake. "[28] [3] In the face of broad opposition, he restored the previous parliament in April 2006. This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. 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