One day the administrator of finance, Mírzá Shafí‘, called in the murderer and addressed him, saying: “Jináb, do you belong to a dervish order, or do you follow the Law? I don't know how many have heard of this story but it is found in Chapter Three of the book Tahirih the Pure, Iran's Greatest Woman by Martha Root NOW I shall present to you all that I have been able to learn about Táhirih's communication with His Imperial Majesty Násiri'd-Din Sháh. It was Shaykh Muhammad who defrayed the expenses of the journey. In those days the fact that the Báb was the Qá’im had not yet been proclaimed; it was the Blessed Beauty, with Quddús, Who arranged for the proclamation of a universal Advent and the abrogation and repudiation of the ancient laws. Tahirih was a Persian feminist pioneer and an early follower of the Bab, Babi leader and the herald of the Baha'i faith. Then one day, and there was a wisdom in it, Bahá’u’lláh fell ill; that is, the indisposition was to serve a vital purpose. One of those gardens was assigned to Quddús, but this was kept a secret. It was in serving the Truth that I paid him for his deed.”, These things would take place before the reality of this Cause was revealed and all was made plain. BAKU, Azerbaijan — The story of Tahirih, a Bahá’í heroine born of Azeri roots, has long been a symbol of inspiration in the country of Azerbaijan. I am endeavouring, with Baha’u’llah’s confirmations and assistance, so to improve the world of the handmaidens that all will be astonished. – Leo Tolstoy, quoted in Appreciations of the Baha’i Faith, p. 35. For in those days no one knew that the Manifestation of the Báb would culminate in the Manifestation of the Blessed Beauty and that the law of retaliation would be done away with, and the foundation-principle of the Law of God would be this, that “It is better for you to be killed than to kill”; that discord and contention would cease, and the rule of war and butchery would fall away. They are heard. Finding Beacons of Hope in Monuments and Public Art. In spite of the storm of chaos stirred up at Badasht, Baha’u’llah gave her the name “The Pure One.” He also made the equality of the sexes one of the primary principles of his entire revelation: The drivers then took their animals and returned to the city. window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { By night, he made his escape from the prison and went to the house of Ridá Khán—that rare and precious man, that star-sacrifice among the lovers of God—the son of Muhammad Khán, Master of the Horse to Muhammad Sháh. The Blessed Beauty made elaborate arrangements for Táhirih’s journey to Badasht and sent her off with an equipage and retinue. Tahirih was the only woman among the Letters of the Living. The Conference of Badasht broke up, but the universal Advent had been proclaimed. As he sat without, Táhirih listened to him from behind the veil. That such a little breath, so small, held in here, shall leave this body and grow colossal, spreading into all the lands in the world! on: function(evt, cb) { Dear Jaine Toth ~ Thank you for this eloquently written article about Tahirih. Even their own progeny are quick to be about the world, to join the swirling dance of this life, and leave the wise ones in their dust. Their tragedies widen the eyes of the people and unstop their ears. Some were sent to Tihrán and then returned to Qazvín and martyred. ... UK Baha'i Office of Public Affairs. Actress, writer, and workshop leader Jaine Toth currently resides in Eloy, AZ near the Desert Rose Baha'i Institute. She was a prisoner and heavy of heart, grieving over the painful events that had come to pass. Thank you so much! This great day would be established through the influence of a divinely inspired Educator, whom the Bá… The official website of the Baha'i Faith is: Sign up for our newsletter and get all our latest content. the well known Turkish poet Sulayman N'Azim Bey would later lament.' From the bottom of the well where she died, Tahirih’s strength, conviction, faith, purity and love affects all who learn of her life. In Hamadán she dismissed a part of her escort and sent them back to Baghdad, while she brought some of them, including Shamsu’d-Duhá and Shaykh-Sálih, along with her to Qazvín. Meanwhile she entered into secret correspondence with Siyyid Kázim, regarding the solution of complex theological problems, and thus it came about that the Siyyid conferred on her the name “Solace of the Eyes” (Qurratu’l-‘Ayn); as for the title Táhirih (“The Pure One”), it was first associated with her in Badasht, and was subsequently approved by the Báb, and recorded in Tablets. Indeed, among those martyrs, those real companions of the ones who died, long gone, at Karbilá, was a man who, when he saw the drawn sword flashing over him, thrust sugar candy into his murderer’s mouth and cried, “With a sweet taste on your lips, put me to death—for you bring me martyrdom, my dearest wish!”. Bahá’í World News Service The official news source of the worldwide Bahá’í community Day that shall exalt!…” and thus was the new Dispensation announced and the great Resurrection made manifest. How, then, could you slaughter that zealous divine?” “Sir,” he replied, “besides the Law, and besides the Path, we also have the Truth. When the authorities came hunting for her they first assaulted Shamsu’d-Duhá, mistaking her for Táhirih. (The Story of Baha’u’llah Promised One of All Religions, by Druzelle Cederquist) Place of Birth: Qazvín, Iran { Accordingly Táhirih, with her women companions, left the muftí’s house, saw to arranging for their travel gear, and went out of Baghdad. Then one night, in support of her contention, Táhirih quoted a holy tradition from the Imám Ja‘far-i-Sádiq; and since it confirmed what she was saying, her father burst out laughing, mocking the tradition. ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. It is a sad streak in humankind that—requires—such deeds to open their minds, their hearts, their eyes. Instantly offering thanks, she fell to her knees and bowed her forehead to the ground, convinced that the Báb’s message was truth. window.mc4wp.listeners.push( He forced a scarf between her lips and rammed it down her throat. The views expressed in our content reflect individual perspectives and do not represent the official views of the Baha'i Faith. Will it come a time when the Voice from the well will find her greatest scene in God's drama and like a tidal wave unite together the women of the world? Picture Tahirih, speaking to the wife of the governor in whose home she has been under house arrest. To put you in touch with a Baha’i in your area who can answer your questions, we would like to kindly ask for a few details about yourself. 29-30. Overview of the life of Tahirih of Qazvin and this period of Babi history, written for a Baha'i youth audience. Then came the attempt on the life of the Sháh; a farmán was issued; she was sentenced to death. Ibn-i-Álúsí would engage her in learned dialogues, questions would be asked and answers given, and he would not deny what she had to say. Our hope in sharing these stories is to offer enlightenment, respect and a wholehearted appreciation for the Gift. The Tahirih community strives to uphold these values within the organization … Men and Women Are Different - So How Can They Be Equal? The world is a bazaar; the strollers are moved by spectacle. Actress/recording artist Tadia brings Tahirih to life and becomes the 19th century legal scholar and Persian poetess with haunting power. She was one of the 206 individuals whose name was published in the Worldwide Baha’i Community’s 1999 report. Táhirih had caught fire. Such was the degree of her scholarship and attainments that her father would often express his regret, saying, “Would that she had been a boy, for he would have shed illumination upon my household, and would have succeeded me!”. 1. She was watched on every side, by attendants, guards, the farráshes, and her foes. The statue of a liberated woman that stands in central Baku depicts a woman casting off her veil and is said to have been influenced by the story of Tahirih. 1–2. Those two horsemen got to the Fort of Tabarsí, where both of them won a martyr’s death. pp. callback: cb The very moment he learned that his daughter knew of the Shaykhí doctrines, Mullá Sálih’s denunciations rang out, and he cried: “Javád has made you a lost soul!” Táhirih answered, “The late Shaykh was a true scholar of God, and I have learned an infinity of spiritual truths from reading his books. When they left the city, a number of Arab believers, carrying arms, walked along beside their convoy. This mischief was kindled by the divines.” He immediately commanded the kad-khudá to return all the travelers’ belongings. About: This paper is an attempt to bring together a large amount of information about the ancestry and immediate family of the Babi heroine, poetess, and martyr, Tahirih Qurrat al-‘Ayn, that has become available in Persian and Arabic, mainly in biographical dictionaries of Shi‘i religious scholars and from family sources. As for the other friends who were in the prison at Tihrán, some of these were returned to Qazvín and they too suffered martyrdom. At the start, those who were present fled away, and some forsook their Faith, while some fell a prey to suspicion and doubt, and a number, after wavering, returned to the presence of Bahá’u’lláh. Tahirih instantly accepted this new Faith, and became one of its early champions: The dream reminded me of Tahirih and the Story of Joseph so I thought I’d write up something that indicates the relationship of Tahirih and the Story… Burial Location: No cemetery details. You are worth a thousand Nasiri'd-Din Shahs!" A slave was found, far gone in drunkenness; besotted, vicious, black of heart. Very enlightening on womens emancipation of a prodigy and rare phenomenon like Tahirih the pure the genesis of the history of mankind on equality of man and woman. In Badasht, there was a great open field. Embarrassed at his father’s behavior, Ibn-i-Álúsí apologized. On a sudden, in the sight of all, Quddús came out of his garden, and entered the pavilion of Bahá’u’lláh. Give me whatever you have of these books. Thus she remained, a helpless captive. "Love is heaven’s kindly light... Love is the on, The happiness of mankind will be realized when wom, Masud Olufani welcomes his father for a conversati, Love gives life to the lifeless. This play about Táhirih, the first woman to accept the teachings of the Báb and an influential poet, scholar, and champion of women’s emancipation, was staged at a Bahá’í summer school in southern France and will also be performed for general audiences in theaters in France and Switzerland. The old ones sleep with their quiet truths. But Táhirih sent him a message, to say that their Host being ill, Quddús should visit her garden instead. Her weekly newspaper column, Faith and Action, appears in the Eloy Enterprise and always includes at least one quotation from the Baha'i Writings. Through its center a stream flowed, and to its right, left, and rear there were three gardens, the envy of Paradise. That is exactly what Tahirih’s martyrdom has done. If you are a follower of the Law, why did you deal that learned mujtahid a cruel, a fatal blow in the mouth? Her father noted her thirst for knowledge and her quick intellect and secretly gave Tahirih this precious opportunity. Furthermore, he bases whatever he says on the traditions of the Holy Imáms. Love lights a fla, Strive ye with all your hearts, raise up your voic, How can faith-based individuals and organizations, My hope for you is that you will ever avoid tyrann, As we suffer these misfortunes we must remember th. Alike in virtue of her marvelous beauty, her rare intellectual gifts, her fervid eloquence, her fearless devotion and her glorious martyrdom, she stands forth incomparable and immortal amongst her countrywomen. How can you mock and deny them?”. Saying she was summoned to the Prime Minister’s, they arrived to lead her away from the Kalántar’s house. Many more would follow. One day she was a guest in the home of Mullá Javád, a cousin on her mother’s side, and there in her cousin’s library she came upon some of the writings of Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá’í. Dawn over Mount Hira and Other Essays, by Marzieh Gail (1976). Táhirih refused, saying: “These are in my company.” In this way they entered Qazvín. She suddenly interrupted him and, raising her voice, vehemently declared: “O Yahyá! ); Mullá Taqí’s murder came about in this way: One day, when that besotted tyrant had mounted his pulpit, he began to mock and revile the great Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá’í. Then he said: “The answer has come from Constantinople. From that time on, she ceased to debate and contend with her father. Tahirih, one of the many Baha'i Faith heroines famously said: "You can kill me as soon as you like, but you cannot stop the emancipation of women." A new play about Tahirih — an iconic Baha’i figure, poet, scholar, and champion of the equality of women and men — is inspiring actors and audiences alike. We were guests in your city. Images: 'The Story of Tahirih' performed by Baha'i youths at the Winter School, 2018, at Dhaka, Bangladesh. She bathed her face and hands, arrayed herself in a costly dress, and scented with attar of roses she came out of the house. Among the escort were Shaykh Sultán, Shaykh Muhammad and his distinguished son Muhammad-Mustafá, and Shaykh Sálih, and these were mounted. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Baháʼí Publishing Trust. Táhirih at once wrote a letter to the prince of that territory, in which she told him: “O thou just Governor! Here is a woman who dared to debate with Islamic theologians and won their grudging respect, who wrote mystical poetry that is beloved to this day in Persia, who at the very same time as the first women’s conference took place in Seneca Falls, NY, dared to remove the veil from her face at a male-only conference. Adam's Wish- Unknown Poetry of Ṭáhirih. Mullá Javád violently objected, telling her: “Your father is an enemy of the Twin Luminous Lights, Shaykh Ahmad and Siyyid Kázim. (Supplied: Ivan Lloyd) July 6, 2020. While Tahirih was a prisoner in the house of the kalantar one of his sons married a young girl. PART 5 IN SERIES Men and Women Are Different - So How Can They Be Equal? When the evil ‘ulamás in Karbilá got wind of all this, and learned that a woman was summoning the people to a new religion and had already influenced a considerable number, they went to the Governor and lodged a complaint. At once, she memorized one of those verses, and wrote it down in her notebook when she awoke. Go then, tomorrow, make your preparations for the journey, and hasten away from this land.”. When she was still a child her father selected a teacher for her and she studied various branches of knowledge and the arts, achieving remarkable ability in literary pursuits. Tahirih the Pure (Martha Root) 2 / 21 2009-01-31 13:04 which the Báb had to confront when He inaugurated the Movement in the middle of the nineteenth century. © 2021 BahaiTeachings.org All Rights Reserved. The next morning they arrested the defenseless believers and thereupon subjected them to agonizing torture, though all were innocent and knew nothing of what had come to pass. The great Trump is blown! Not long before his death the Siyyid had shared with his disciples the good news that the promised Advent was at hand. He stayed there for a time, after which he and Ridá Khán secretly rode away to the Fort of Shaykh Tabarsí in Mázindarán. Once there he observed that despite his confession, the others were not released. Surrounding the village by night, he sent Bahá’u’lláh with eleven riders back to Ámul, and those calamities and tribulations, told of before, came to pass. Accordingly, we will ourselves proceed to Baghdad and await the answer there.” The Governor gave her leave to go, and she set out, accompanied by Shamsu’d-Duhá and the Leaf of Paradise (the sister of Mullá Husayn) and her mother. The ladies of Tihrán, on one pretext or another, crowded to see and listen to her. As a result the kad-khudá or chief officer of that quarter, with a band of people, laid siege to the house where Táhirih was, and sacked it. Bahai.org. Afterward, Quddús hastened away to the Fort of Tabarsí and the Blessed Beauty, with provisions and equipment, journeyed to Níyálá, having the intention of going on from there by night, making His way through the enemy encampment and entering the Fort. How can they best reach you? Delighted with what he had to say, Táhirih asked to borrow the writings and take them home. Her insatiable curiosity led her to peruse the writings of the Bab, the prophet of whose teachings Tolstoy wrote: …inasmuch as they keep to the principal fundamental ideas of brotherhood, equality and love, have a great future before them… I sympathize with Babism with all my heart inasmuch as it teaches people brotherhood and equality and sacrifice of material life for service to God. At Dhaka, Bangladesh he betook himself to the Prime Minister ’ s 1999 report poetess haunting... Mind if it is a secular organization founded on the field amidst the three gardens, farráshes! 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